Burj Khalifa

Burj
Burj
  • 客户 Emaar Properties
  • 地点 Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Soaring 828 meters above Dubai, the Burj Khalifa—the world's tallest building—is a feat of design and engineering that has redefined the limits for skyscraper construction.

Project Facts
  • 地位 Construction Complete
  • 完成年份 2010
  • 设计完成年 2006
  • 尺寸 Site Area: 104,210 meters Building Height: 828 meters Number of Stories: 162 Building Gross Area: 454,249 square meter
  • 出租面积 34750
  • 公寓单位 577
  • 客房 304
  • 奖项
    2010, American Architecture Award, Chicago Athenaeum 2011, Interior Architecture Award: Special Recognition, AIA – Chicago Chapter 2011, Interior Architecture Award: Certificate of Merit, AIA – Chicago Chapter 2011, Excellence in Engineering, ASHRAE - Illinois Chapter 2010, Excellence in Structural Engineering: Most Innovative Structure, Structural Engineers Association Of Illinois 2010, International Architecture Award, Chicago Athenaeum 2011, Distinguished Building Award: Citation of Merit, AIA – Chicago Chapter 2010, Award for Commercial or Retail Structure, Institution of Structural Engineers 2010, Award: Shortlisted, World Architecture Festival 2010, Best Mixed Use Built Development, Cityscape Abu Dhabi 2010, Arab Achievement Award 2010: Best Architecture Project, Arab Investment Summit 2010, Best Tall Building: Middle East & Africa, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) 2010, Best Structural Design of the Year, LEAF Awards 2010, Award: Shortlisted / Structural System, World Architecture Festival 2010, Project of the Year, Middle East Architect Magazine 2010, International Projects Category: Outstanding Project, National Council of Structural Engineers Association 2010, Commercial / Mixed Use Built, Cityscape 2010, Global Icon Award, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) 2010, Architecture Award (Mixed Use) Dubai, Arabian Property Awards 2010, Architecture Award (Mixed Use) Arabian Region, Arabian Property Awards 2010, Silver Award, Spark Awards 2010, Special Recognition for Technological Advancement, International Highrise Awards 2010, The International Architecture Award (Mixed Use), International Commercial Property Awards 2010, Best of What's New, Popular Science Magazine 2011, Project of the Year, Meed 2011, GCC Technical Building Project of the Year, Meed 2011, Best of Category/Mixed Use Buildings, International Interior Design Association (IIDA) Decade of Design 2011, Presidential Commendation in Corporate Space Small, International Interior Design Association (IIDA) Decade of Design 2010, Skyscraper Award: Silver Medal, Emporis 2011, Design Excellence Award: Special Function Room, First Place, American Society of Interior Designers - Illinois Chapter 2012, Award of Merit: World Voices Sculpture, Burj Khalifa Lobby, Structural Engineers Association Of Illinois 2013, Award of Excellence, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) – Architectural Engineering Institute (AEI) 2013, Best Overall Project, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) – Architectural Engineering Institute (AEI) 2013, Architizer A+ Award: Residential High Rise Finalist, Architizer 2014, Regional Design Award: Architecture, AIA – Middle East Chapter 2014, Regional Design Award: Interior Architecture, AIA – Middle East Chapter 2015, 50 Significant Structures in 50 Years, Structural Engineers Association Of Illinois 2011, Outstanding Structure Award, International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering 2019, Best Building 10 Year Award, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) 2020, Best Building 10 Year Award, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)
  • 合作者
    Citadel Consulting Rowan Williams Davies & Irwin Inc. (RWDI) Dewar Partnership Walker Parking Consultants Pelton Marsh Kinsella (Pmk Consultants) Roberts & Partners Rnl Design Hyder Consulting Me Ltd. (Middle East) Fisher Marantz Stone Rolf Jensen & Associates, Inc Burj Khalifa
Project Facts
  • 地位 Construction Complete
  • 完成年份 2010
  • 设计完成年 2006
  • 尺寸 Site Area: 104,210 meters Building Height: 828 meters Number of Stories: 162 Building Gross Area: 454,249 square meter
  • 出租面积 34750
  • 公寓单位 577
  • 客房 304
  • 奖项
    2010, American Architecture Award, Chicago Athenaeum 2011, Interior Architecture Award: Special Recognition, AIA – Chicago Chapter 2011, Interior Architecture Award: Certificate of Merit, AIA – Chicago Chapter 2011, Excellence in Engineering, ASHRAE - Illinois Chapter 2010, Excellence in Structural Engineering: Most Innovative Structure, Structural Engineers Association Of Illinois 2010, International Architecture Award, Chicago Athenaeum 2011, Distinguished Building Award: Citation of Merit, AIA – Chicago Chapter 2010, Award for Commercial or Retail Structure, Institution of Structural Engineers 2010, Award: Shortlisted, World Architecture Festival 2010, Best Mixed Use Built Development, Cityscape Abu Dhabi 2010, Arab Achievement Award 2010: Best Architecture Project, Arab Investment Summit 2010, Best Tall Building: Middle East & Africa, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) 2010, Best Structural Design of the Year, LEAF Awards 2010, Award: Shortlisted / Structural System, World Architecture Festival 2010, Project of the Year, Middle East Architect Magazine 2010, International Projects Category: Outstanding Project, National Council of Structural Engineers Association 2010, Commercial / Mixed Use Built, Cityscape 2010, Global Icon Award, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) 2010, Architecture Award (Mixed Use) Dubai, Arabian Property Awards 2010, Architecture Award (Mixed Use) Arabian Region, Arabian Property Awards 2010, Silver Award, Spark Awards 2010, Special Recognition for Technological Advancement, International Highrise Awards 2010, The International Architecture Award (Mixed Use), International Commercial Property Awards 2010, Best of What's New, Popular Science Magazine 2011, Project of the Year, Meed 2011, GCC Technical Building Project of the Year, Meed 2011, Best of Category/Mixed Use Buildings, International Interior Design Association (IIDA) Decade of Design 2011, Presidential Commendation in Corporate Space Small, International Interior Design Association (IIDA) Decade of Design 2010, Skyscraper Award: Silver Medal, Emporis 2011, Design Excellence Award: Special Function Room, First Place, American Society of Interior Designers - Illinois Chapter 2012, Award of Merit: World Voices Sculpture, Burj Khalifa Lobby, Structural Engineers Association Of Illinois 2013, Award of Excellence, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) – Architectural Engineering Institute (AEI) 2013, Best Overall Project, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) – Architectural Engineering Institute (AEI) 2013, Architizer A+ Award: Residential High Rise Finalist, Architizer 2014, Regional Design Award: Architecture, AIA – Middle East Chapter 2014, Regional Design Award: Interior Architecture, AIA – Middle East Chapter 2015, 50 Significant Structures in 50 Years, Structural Engineers Association Of Illinois 2011, Outstanding Structure Award, International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering 2019, Best Building 10 Year Award, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) 2020, Best Building 10 Year Award, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)
  • 合作者
    Citadel Consulting Rowan Williams Davies & Irwin Inc. (RWDI) Dewar Partnership Walker Parking Consultants Pelton Marsh Kinsella (Pmk Consultants) Roberts & Partners Rnl Design Hyder Consulting Me Ltd. (Middle East) Fisher Marantz Stone Rolf Jensen & Associates, Inc Burj Khalifa

Design inspired by the desert

The design for the Burj Khalifa combines local cultural influences with cutting-edge technology to achieve high performance in an extreme desert climate. As the centerpiece of a mixed-use development, the 162-story tower contains offices, retail space, residential units, and an Armani Hotel. The Y-shaped floor plan maximizes views of the Arabian Gulf. At ground level, the skyscraper is surrounded by green space, water features, and pedestrian-friendly boulevards.

Burj

The design for the tower is inspired by the geometries of a regional desert flower and the patterning systems embodied in Islamic architecture. Built of reinforced concrete and clad in glass, the tower is composed of sculpted volumes arranged around a central buttressed core. As it rises from a flat base, setbacks occur in an upward spiraling pattern, which reduces the building’s mass as it reaches skyward. At the pinnacle, the central core emerges and is sculpted to form a spire.

Burj

Engineered to reach new heights

SOM’s architects and engineers developed innovative strategies to meet the unique challenges of building a tower of unprecedented height. The simple Y-shaped plan reduces wind forces and also enhances constructability. Each wing, with its own high-performance concrete core and perimeter columns, buttresses the others via a six-sided central core, or hexagonal hub. The result is a tower that is extremely stiff torsionally. The rigorous geometry of the design aligns all of the common central core and column elements.

The setbacks are organized in conjunction with the tower’s grid: the stepping is achieved by aligning columns above with walls below to provide a smooth load path. This enabled construction to proceed without the typical delays associated with column transfers. At each setback, the building’s width changes. The advantage of the tower’s stepping and shaping is, in essence, to “confuse the wind.” Wind vortices can never coalesce because the wind encounters a different building shape at each tier.

Burj
Burj

What matters, in the long haul, is the artistry that separates skyscrapers that are merely yardstick-tall from those that make of their tallness a smashing aesthetic virtue. And the Burj Khalifa easily meets — and exceeds — and exceeds — that standard…

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Artful interior design

With more than 3 million square feet of interior space at Burj Khalifa, planning and interior design began at the earliest stages of structural and architectural development. In designing the lobbies, guest amenities, lounges, offices, board room floor and chairman’s suite, SOM’s interiors team took inspiration from the building’s technological achievement as much as from the region’s culture and heritage. The interiors of the highest floors reflect celestial influences, inspired by the notion of a stationary spacecraft.

This is in contrast to the lower floors, which evoke the natural elements of the land. Apart from glass, stainless steel and polished dark stones, the interiors also feature silver travertine flooring, Venetian stucco walls, handmade rugs, stone flooring and dark, intricate Brazilian Santos rosewood to reflect shelter, comfort, and above all, restrained luxury.

Burj
Burj

SOM also developed an art program for the tower, placing more than 500 individual pieces by local and international artists. In the residential lobby, a large-scale installation by artist Jaume Plensa, entitled “World Voices,” consists of 196 hand-crafted cymbals attached to slender stainless steel tubes above shallow pools of water. Special equipment mounted within the ceiling slowly drips water onto the cymbals, producing an ambient soundscape within the lobby.


Sustainable engineering innovation

Beyond its record-breaking height, the Burj Khalifa incorporates holistic strategies for mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems that make the building highly efficient, while minimizing environmental impact and reducing material usage and waste. Providing comfort and a healthy indoor environment were central goals. The high-performance curtain wall attenuates the summer heat and delivers superb radiant thermal comfort.

The team designed a “life boat” vertical transportation system with advanced monitoring and controls to provide easy egress during emergency events. The office pavilion integrates a backup system that can serve critical functions, such as supplying and draining water during a power outage. A “sky-sourced” ventilation system pulls cool, less humid air through the top of the building while employing one of the largest condensate recovery systems in the world.