美国戏剧学院斯特兰剧院

SOM's renovation of the Strand Theater resurrects the 100-year-old movie theater on San Francisco’s Market Street to provide a highly visible and experimental performance space for the city’s preeminent theater company, American Conservatory Theater (A.C.T.).
The Strand
SOM's renovation of the Strand Theater resurrects the 100-year-old movie theater on San Francisco’s Market Street to provide a highly visible and experimental performance space for the city’s preeminent theater company, American Conservatory Theater (A.C.T.).

斯特兰剧院坐落于旧金山市场街 (Market Street),其前身是一家拥有百年历史的电影院。而如今它摇身一变,成为一处实验性表演空间。通过全新的建筑结构及个性图标,翻新改造后的剧院为周边社区邻里注入了活力。

Project Facts
  • 完成年份 2015
  • 设计完成年 2013
  • 尺寸 Site Area: 13,000 square feet Building Height: 50 feet Number of Stories: 2 Building Gross Area: 20,000 square feet
  • 奖项
    2016, Honor Award for Design: Historic Preservation, Adaptive Reuse, Renovation, AIA California 2015, Award of Merit: Renovation/Restoration, ENR California’s Best Projects, Engineering News Record 2015, Revitalization Award, Community Alliance Awards, AIA San Francisco 2015, Construction Awards: Architectural, American Concrete Institute - Northern California and Western Nevada Chapter 2015, Communication:Spark!, Spark Awards 2017, Award of Excellence, California Heritage Council 2016, Interior Architecture Citation Award and Social Responsibility Commendation, AIA San Francisco 2016, SEAOI Excellence in Structural Engineering Award - Award of Merit, Structural Engineers Association Of Illinois 2016, Design Annual: Award of Excellence, Communication Arts Inc. 2016, Award of Excellence: Retrofit/Alteration, Structural Engineers Association of Northern California 2017, Gold Award, Environmental Graphics, Graphis 2016, Innovation by Design Award Finalist, Fast Company 2016, Best of Design Awards - Building Renovation, Architect'S Newspaper 2016, National Honor Award for Interior Architecture, American Institute of Architects (AIA) 2016, IESNA Illumination Award of Merit, Illuminating Engineering Society of North America 2015, Outstanding Architectural Engineering Project of the Year, American Society of Civil Engineers - San Francisco Section 2016, Award of Excellence, Structural Engineers Association of California 2017, Merit Award for Signage and Wayfinding, Society for Environmental Graphic Design 2016, Global Award for Excellence, Urban Land Institute (ULI) 2016, Concrete Construction Award, American Concrete Institute 2016, Certificate of Typographic Excellence, Type Directors Club 2016, Typography Annual: Award of Excellence, Communication Arts Inc. 2013, Spark Spaces: Gold, Spark Awards 2015, Excellence in Structural Engineering, National Council of Structural Engineers Association 2013, Unbuilt Design Award, AIA San Francisco 2014, American Architecture Award, Chicago Athenaeum 2016, A+ Award, Architecture + Branding Jury Winner, Architizer
  • 合作者
    Prichardpeck Lighting, Inc. WSP Flack + Kurtz, Inc. Charles M. Salter Associates, Inc. Anderson Rowe & Buckley, Inc. BKF Engineers Pribuss Engineering, Inc. Equity Community Builders LLC Page & Turnbull The Shalleck Collaborative, Inc. Sprig Electric Co
Project Facts
  • 完成年份 2015
  • 设计完成年 2013
  • 尺寸 Site Area: 13,000 square feet Building Height: 50 feet Number of Stories: 2 Building Gross Area: 20,000 square feet
  • 奖项
    2016, Honor Award for Design: Historic Preservation, Adaptive Reuse, Renovation, AIA California 2015, Award of Merit: Renovation/Restoration, ENR California’s Best Projects, Engineering News Record 2015, Revitalization Award, Community Alliance Awards, AIA San Francisco 2015, Construction Awards: Architectural, American Concrete Institute - Northern California and Western Nevada Chapter 2015, Communication:Spark!, Spark Awards 2017, Award of Excellence, California Heritage Council 2016, Interior Architecture Citation Award and Social Responsibility Commendation, AIA San Francisco 2016, SEAOI Excellence in Structural Engineering Award - Award of Merit, Structural Engineers Association Of Illinois 2016, Design Annual: Award of Excellence, Communication Arts Inc. 2016, Award of Excellence: Retrofit/Alteration, Structural Engineers Association of Northern California 2017, Gold Award, Environmental Graphics, Graphis 2016, Innovation by Design Award Finalist, Fast Company 2016, Best of Design Awards - Building Renovation, Architect'S Newspaper 2016, National Honor Award for Interior Architecture, American Institute of Architects (AIA) 2016, IESNA Illumination Award of Merit, Illuminating Engineering Society of North America 2015, Outstanding Architectural Engineering Project of the Year, American Society of Civil Engineers - San Francisco Section 2016, Award of Excellence, Structural Engineers Association of California 2017, Merit Award for Signage and Wayfinding, Society for Environmental Graphic Design 2016, Global Award for Excellence, Urban Land Institute (ULI) 2016, Concrete Construction Award, American Concrete Institute 2016, Certificate of Typographic Excellence, Type Directors Club 2016, Typography Annual: Award of Excellence, Communication Arts Inc. 2013, Spark Spaces: Gold, Spark Awards 2015, Excellence in Structural Engineering, National Council of Structural Engineers Association 2013, Unbuilt Design Award, AIA San Francisco 2014, American Architecture Award, Chicago Athenaeum 2016, A+ Award, Architecture + Branding Jury Winner, Architizer
  • 合作者
    Prichardpeck Lighting, Inc. WSP Flack + Kurtz, Inc. Charles M. Salter Associates, Inc. Anderson Rowe & Buckley, Inc. BKF Engineers Pribuss Engineering, Inc. Equity Community Builders LLC Page & Turnbull The Shalleck Collaborative, Inc. Sprig Electric Co

为社区邻里转型打下基础

SOM 对斯特兰剧院的翻新改造为这座位于旧金山市场街 (Market Street) 的百年影院重新注入活力,并为旧金山首屈一指的剧院公司——美国戏剧学院(American Conservatory Theater,简称 A.C.T.)提供了引人注目的表演空间。翻新改造后的剧院包含教学设施、一间 282 个座位的新剧院、一间 120 个座位的黑匣子剧院(black box theater,也称为实验剧院)、排练场所、后台、公共大堂和一处咖啡吧。该建筑曾是个 800 座的大剧院,在其外壳内加入的这些新元素给原建筑的原始背景叠加了现代剧院的要素。

翻新设计将大堂和建筑外立面向街道及人行道敞开,从而创造出一个激动人心的公共空间,为建筑本身和周边社区邻里注入活力,同时成为旧金山这处街区重回往昔繁华的标志性元素。斯特兰剧院地理位置极佳,刚好位于旧金山繁荣的商业街区和市政中心之间,周围有多家科技公司及住宅地产项目,而它们也已经为附近社区邻里带来了改变。

ACT The Strand Theatre
大厅咖啡吧。
The Strand
The 285-seat main theater.
The Strand
The 120-seat box theater.

翻新与适应性再利用

SOM 团队的设计对剧院原外立面进行了精心修复,使其在保留原始建筑外部特色风貌的同时还能展示内部的新元素。面向街道的剧院正门两侧的装饰性浮雕石刻被移除,建于上世纪 50 年代、已逐渐蚀化的入口顶部遮檐被更轻巧的钢结构与玻璃棚顶取而代之。全新的棚顶横向覆盖整座剧院的正门,它透明倒映的特色令人怀想起初建于 1918 年的入口装饰顶檐。建筑上面两层突出原有的橡木窗设计,这些窗子经过修复,透过它们可以看见新的黑匣子剧院。

剧院大厅则仿佛是一个动态的舞台布景,学生和观众是表演者,台阶、悬空平台和透明 LED 纱幕则成为了背景。大厅中设有售票厅、咖啡吧、以及可为表演开场前人员聚集提供空间的开放区域,令此处无时无刻不充满了生气与活力。两层高的落地窗既可以令户外的行人饱览剧院大厅内部的精彩活动,也可以从室内尽情欣赏市场街的活力景象。在大厅正中,从屋顶悬挂下来一张巨大的透明 LED 纱幕。

一组中心台阶围绕着它,将低层的剧院与楼上的黑匣子剧院相连。LED 纱幕会时常放映静止或流动的影像作品、视频艺术作品、品牌广告、以及演出及特别活动的相关海报,以此唤起人们对这座早年作为电影院存在的剧院的回忆。此外,纱幕还会播放剧院内即将举行的表演和活动等相关信息。即使在剧院关门期间,纱幕上的影像也能戏剧性地改变建筑风格,将剧院的能量投射到街上。

从项目伊始,我们的目标就是要创造一处精彩绝伦的公共空间,它不仅将成为舞台剧和表演艺术爱好者的聚集地,同时也将给整个社区邻里带来真正的转变……项目的成果已远远超越了我们的预期设想。


全新空间、全新个性

作为斯特兰剧院翻新改造项目的一部分,SOM 为其核心的表演场地和教育中心设计了独具个性的图标,既能彰显享有 50 年历史的美国戏剧学院的特色,又能反映出新空间的特点及其使命。着眼于新作品、新兴艺术家、艺术教育及社区推广,斯特兰剧院的个性必须传达出实验剧场不加修饰的直接性,并反映出其周边社区邻里转型的决心。

剧院后台采用了模板喷画这种标记方式,用以表现斯特兰剧院空间及演出项目的直接、简约。建筑内的所有环境图形设计和指示标识,包括室外悬标和雨篷、室内导示和捐助墙等,均凸显着这一主题。字母和图标被直接喷画在墙上,或做成经切割的金属板,模仿工业用的版面模子。

The Strand

建筑结构改造

剧院的历史建筑外壳以全新结构系统精心进行了升级。在承重系统的改造和修复过程中,原有钢筋混凝土结构的 81% 均得到重新利用,由此降低了施工中的碳排放。剧院上层的多功能空间由新的楼板支撑,可用作黑匣子剧场、排练室和教室。在前舞台下方挖出了一层地下室,作为演员休息室和更衣室。

Before
Existing condition.
ACT Strand Theatre
翻新改造后。

剧院原来的二层楼板被拆除,打造出两层高的入口大厅,以此减少地基承重,降低承重对旧金山湾区捷运和旧金山轻轨系统的影响。通过增设悬挑式平台、大型多层楼梯以及从建筑核心延伸至大堂 2000 立方米(60000 立方英尺)挑空的夹层,丰富了空间上的戏剧性效果。

Theater
施工前建筑状态
SOM's renovation of the Strand Theater resurrects the 100-year-old movie theater on San Francisco’s Market Street to provide a highly visible and experimental performance space for the city’s preeminent theater company, American Conservatory Theater (A.C.T.).
翻新改造后。

通过增加剪力墙加固斯特兰剧院的建筑结构并将具有层次感的建筑理念融入室内设计中。通过连接从舞台延伸至街道的一系列框架,诠释了剧院的全新造型,这不仅使建筑焕发出新的生命力,同时还让周围社区邻里展现出全新风貌。

更多项目

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